Archive for September, 2014

SAT Prep Class Deadline Extended!

Written by Paul Fulce. Posted in MS/HS Principal

Higher Ground Learning’s SAT Prep Course deadline has been extended to this Friday, 3 October, 2014.  Over the past 3 years, students in their international classes have increased their scores by an average of 270 points.  Students can sign up at
The course includes:
  • Introductory meeting with parents to address questions.
  • 34 hours of classroom time
  • 3 diagnostic tests with detailed score report
  • Copy of a unique, in-depth curriculum workbook
  • Extra practice tests and materials
  • Unlimited one-on-one time for students
  • For students that attend 100% of classes, they guarantee a 150-point increase.

Some Benefits of Physical Activity

Written by Elena Pons. Posted in ES PE

Exercise Is ADHD Medication

Physical movement improves mental focus, memory, and cognitive flexibility; new research shows just how critical it is to academic performance.
Electrophysiological plots representing brain processing
capacity and mental workload (P3 amplitude) during
cognitive tasks that require executive control in children
in the experiment and control groups. Red represents
the greatest amplitude, and blue the lowest.
(Hillman et al, Pediatrics/The Atlantic)

Mental exercises to build (or rebuild) attention span have shown promise recently as adjuncts or alternatives to amphetamines in addressing symptoms common to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Building cognitive control, to be better able to focus on just one thing, or single-task, might involve regular practice with a specialized video game thatreinforces “top-down” cognitive modulation, as was the case in a popular paper in Nature last year. Cool but still notional. More insipid but also more clearly critical to addressing what’s being called the ADHD epidemic is plain old physical activity.

This morning the medical journal Pediatrics published research that found kids who took part in a regular physical activity program showed important enhancement of cognitive performance and brain function. The findings, according to University of Illinois professor Charles Hillman and colleagues, “demonstrate a causal effect of a physical program on executive control, and provide support for physical activity for improving childhood cognition and brain health.” If it seems odd that this is something that still needs support, that’s because it is odd, yes. Physical activity is clearly a high, high-yield investment for all kids, but especially those attentive or hyperactive. This brand of research is still published and written about as though it were a novel finding, in part because exercise programs for kids remain underfunded and underprioritized in many school curricula, even though exercise is clearly integral to maximizing the utility of time spent in class.

The improvements in this case came in executive control, which consists of inhibition (resisting distraction, maintaining focus), working memory, and cognitive flexibility (switching between tasks). The images above show the brain activity in the group of kids who did the program as opposed to the group that didn’t. It’s the kind of difference that’s so dramatic it’s a little unsettling. The study only lasted nine months, but when you’re only seven years old, nine months is a long time to be sitting in class with a blue head.

Earlier this month, another study found that a 12-week exercise program improved math and reading test scores in all kids, but especially in those with signs of ADHD. (Executive functioning is impaired in ADHD, and tied to performance in math and reading.) Lead researcher Alan Smith, chair of the department of kinesiology at Michigan State, went out on no limb at all in a press statement at the time, saying, “Early studies suggest that physical activity can have a positive effect on children who suffer from ADHD.”

Last year a very similar study in the Journal of Attention Disorders found that just 26 minutes of daily physical activity for eight weeks significantly allayed ADHD symptoms in grade-school kids. The modest conclusion of the study was that “physical activity shows promise for addressing ADHD symptoms in young children.” The researchers went on to write that this finding should be “carefully explored with further studies.”

“If physical activity is established as an effective intervention for ADHD,” they continued, “it will also be important to address possible complementary effects of physical activity and existing treatment strategies …” Which is a kind of phenomenal degree of reservation compared to the haste with which millions of kids have been introduced to amphetamines and other stimulants to address said ADHD. The number of prescriptions increased from 34.8 to 48.4 million between 2007 and 2011 alone. The pharmaceutical market around the disorder has grown to several billion dollars in recent years while school exercise initiatives have enjoyed no such spoils of entrepreneurialism. But, you know, once there is more research, it may potentially be advisable to consider possibly implementing more exercise opportunities for kids.

Children in the Illinois after-school physical activity program
(L. Brian Stauffer)

Over all, the pandemic of physical inactivity, as Hillman and colleagues put it in theirPediatrics journal article today, is “a serious threat to global health” responsible for around 10 percent of premature deaths from noncommincable diseases. But it clearly manifests in ways more subtle than deaths, including scholastic performance, which we’re continuously learning. I talked last week withPaul Nystedt, an associate professor of economics and finance at Jönköping University in Sweden, who just published a multi-country study that found that obese teenagers go on to earn 18 percent less money as adults than their peers, even if they are no longer obese. He believes that’s most likely because of the adversity that obese kids experience from classmates and teachers, which leads to both cognitive and noncognitive disparities between obese and non-obese kids. Because obese children are more likely to come from low-income homes to begin with, that only perpetuates wealth gaps and stifles mobility. Nystedt and his coauthors conclude, “The rapid increase in childhood and adolescent obesity could have long-lasting effects on the economic growth and productivity of nations.”

John Ratey, an associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard, suggests that people think of exercise as medication for ADHD. Even very light physical activity improves mood and cognitive performance by triggering the brain to release dopamine and serotonin, similar to the way that stimulant medications like Adderall do. In a 2012 TED talk, Ratey argued that physical exercise “is really for our brains.” He likened it to taking “a little bit of Prozac and a little bit of Ritalin.” As a rule, I say never trust anyone who has given a TED talk. But maybe in this case that’s a constructive way to think about moving one’s body. But not the inverse, where taking Ritalin counts as exercise.

Septiembre en Kindergarten

Written by Jefa Mercade. Posted in ES CSCS, Kindergarten Castellano

Durante este mes de septiembre hemos empezado repasando las vocales a/e/i/  . Para practicar de manera lúdica la correspondencia entre la grafía y su sonido hemos aprendido y cantado la canción del “Veo -Veo” . También hemos trabajado los números del uno al diez mediante actividades escritas y orales.  Para familiarizarnos con la cultura popular y las tradiciones orales a la vez que activamos mecanismos cognitivos, enseñamos a los niños estrategias para resolver adivinanzas. De esta manera los alumnos ejercitan la memoria a largo plazo mientras repiten y juegan con la lengua castellana. Por último, hemos celebrado la llegada del otoño.

Ms. Nuria y Ms. Jefa


A few things for home …

Written by Grade 5 Teacher. Posted in 5th Grade

Hello Fifth Grade Parents,

Recently, we have received a few requests for suggestions on what to work on at home in reading and writing in the case that a family is interested in some at-home enrichment.  Below are a few suggestions to get you started, and we´ll continue to add on to this list throughout the year!